New York State Emergency Planning

The staff conducts
annual plant-wide drills.

The New York State Radiological Emergency Preparedness Plan (REPP) is New York State’s program for mitigating the possible consequences of a radiological emergency, especially one that might occur at a nuclear power plant. The New York State Office of Emergency Management (NYSOEM) coordinates radiological emergency planning around each of the six nuclear power plants in New York State. New York State supports the counties in assessing the potential exposure to people in the area in the event of a radiological emergency.

NYSOEM works with Entergy to develop drill and exercise scenarios. State representatives coordinate, observe, and evaluate the exercises. In the event of a major emergency at Indian Point, New York State can also provide additional personnel and equipment to the four counties.

The state Radiological Emergency Program has three major objectives:

  • To protect the public, especially those living or working within the 10-mile Emergency Planning Zone;
  • To coordinate the actions taken by responders—New York State and federal agencies local governments, and other support groups into an effective response.
  • To allocate and assign resources in response to an emergency.

Four County Emergency Planning

Multiple instrument and backup systems
are used for alerts and shutdowns.

The 10-mile Emergency Planning Zone (EPZ) around the Indian Point nuclear plants encompasses parts of four New York counties - Westchester, Putnam, Rockland and Orange. These four counties participate in emergency planning and drills as active members of the radiological response team.

Westchester, Putnam, Rockland, and Orange counties have Emergency Operations Centers (EOCs) staffed with personnel to assess the potential off-site effects of the emergency. County EOCs dispatch radiological monitoring teams who independently measure levels of radioactivity within the 10-mile EPZ. Personnel from the emergency planning organization in each county participate in a full-scale, federally-evaluated exercise once every 2 years. This exercise is evaluated by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) for off-site responses, and by the NRC for Entergy’s on-site response. In alternate years, the counties participate in New York State-coordinated drills to maintain their preparedness and train new staff.

County plans call for the activation of their EOCs when Entergy declares an Alert of higher incident classification at Indian Point. All four counties have provisions to be notified by Entergy as soon as any emergency classification is made at the site. Westchester, Putnam, Rockland and Orange County emergency managers and county executives can activate their EOCs at any time they determine it is necessary.

Each county has emergency plans that can be implemented in the event of an emergency at the plant. One or more of the following protective actions may be taken for residents within the 10-miles EPZ:

  • Evacuation & potassium iodide (KI) administration—Everyone in specific Protective Action Areas (PAAs) is instructed to leave the area and, if they have potassium iodide (KI), to ingest one dose (130 mg). Children under 1 year old should be given a 65 mg dose, or one half of the adult dosage tablet.
  • Sheltering - in-place—Everyone in specific Protective Action Areas (PAAs) should stay indoors

Though the Federal Emergency Management Agency has approved Indian Point's emergency plan, Entergy will continue working with federal officials, the four surrounding counties and New York State to enhance the plan and make it a model of emergency preparedness for the entire nation. We will not waiver from our responsibility to protect public health and safety.

Annual Emergency Procedure Drills

Under Nuclear Regulatory Commission requirements and supervision, the staff conduct several plant-wide drills each year to test their response.

The drills frequently involve emergency planning officials and public safety agencies from the four surrounding counties and the state. They follow set procedures to monitor plant conditions and make recommendations to the public under drill scenarios.

Alerting the Public

In the event of an accident, the news media and public would be kept fully informed of developments, under procedures established by federal regulations. The dissemination of information is part of the drills.

A system of emergency sirens is set up in the 10-mile Emergency Planning Zone (EPZ) to alert the public to tune into one of the Emergency Alert System (EAS) radio or TV stations for information. The sirens are tested regularly.

Joint Information Center

The Joint Information Center (JIC) is the focal point for coordinating information released to the news media and public during an emergency at the Indian Point Energy Center. Entergy participates in the JIC with New York State and the counties of Westchester, Rockland, Orange and Putnam. As a facility, the JIC is activated at the Alert or higher emergency classification level and is staffed by Entergy, New York State and Westchester County. The four counties can participate in JIC operations virtually using video conferencing and interactive technology.

The facility is located at the Hudson Valley Transportation Management Center, 200 Bradhurst Ave., Hawthorne, NY, and features state-of-the-art telecommunications capabilities, including access for television satellite trucks.